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Department of Estuarine and Ocean Sciences Seminar
“Do We Have the BIO in Biogeochemistry Correct?”
Bigelow Lab for Ocean Sciences
Wednesday, March 12, 2014
At SMAST I, Room 204
706 S. Rodney French Blvd., New Bedford, MA 02744
*Will be simulcast to Room 325A, SMAST II
Department of Fisheries Oceanography Seminar
“Social network analysis of ICES' scientists and ICES bureaucrats: Do we have the institutional ecology that ecosystem science for advice demands?”
Dorothy Jane Dankel
University of Bergen, Center for the Study of the Science and the Humanities & the Institute of Marine Research
Wednesday, March 12, 2014
At SMAST II, Room 158
200 Mill Road, Fairhaven, MA 02719
|"Class of 2013" sets SMAST record
Twelve SMAST students completed their requirements for advanced degrees (six MS, six PhD
) in 2013, the most within a calendar year since the founding of the growing academic program over a decade ago. An additional six students (one MS and five PhD
) completed their requirements in time to qualify for a January 2014 conferral date.
A majority of the research topics focused on marine life, ranging from tiny algae and diatoms to apex predators like sharks, and a number of commercially important species in between. Students also successfully defended research on air-sea interaction, measuring isotopes in sea water, Antarctic productivity, and the effects of sea level rise on estuaries.
The degrees are awarded through the University of Massachusetts' system-wide Intercampus Marine Science program, which confers degrees on marine science students at the Amherst, Boston, Dartmouth, and Lowell campuses.[Photo, l to r: Katherine Thompson, Chawalit Charoenpong, Kaitlynn Shaw.]
|Project seeks to “pinpoint” cod spawning
An eclectic team of investigators is attempting to construct a high-resolution map of cod spawning on Stellwagen Bank.
South Shore fishermen, alarmed by the downward trend in cod take, approached The Nature Conservancy (TNC) for help. Although the season and area of code spawning in Massachusetts Bay is known in a broad sense, a widespread closure could be ruinous to the local industry. But a high-resolution spawning map, in space and in time, might allow for small, targeted closures to protect spawning while permitting fishing to continue as the stocks rebuild.
TNC responded to the fishermen by assembling a diverse team of federal, state, academic and Conservancy scientists to tackle the problem.
At a press conference last week, participating fishermen and representatives of TNC, the state’s Department of Fish and Game and Division of Marine Fisheries, NOAA’s Northeast Fisheries Science Center, and UMass Dartmouth’s School for Marine Science and Technology outlined the plan. Bottom mounted hydrophones will record the time and extent of the pronounced vocalizations that cod make during spawning. Meanwhile, acoustic transducers will record the movements of some 150 mature cod that have been electronically tagged over the past month or so. Researchers hope to integrate the data to zero in on the when and where of cod spawning in Mass Bay.
"This project has been a unique and successful collaboration between the fishing industry and scientists from multiple institutions,” said SMAST PhD student Doug Zemeckis, who is leading the tagging effort. “The information acquired from acoustic telemetry, passive acoustic monitoring, and at-sea sampling will be helpful for informing future fishery management decisions to help rebuild the resource and the cod fishery." (Read more.) Photo courtesy John Clarke Russ/TNC.
|Stock Identification Methods reappraised
A new edition of Stock Identification Methods: Applications in Fishery Science
is a "broad reappraisal" of the 2005 first edition to accommodate advances in both the science and the technology, according to lead editor and SMAST professor Steve Cadrin.
"Rapid advances in several technologies inspired a major revision of the first edition," Cadrin said. "Among other important updates, the second edition has extensive re-consideration of genetics and electronic tagging, and a concluding section on interdisciplinary analysis and synthesis for fishery management advice."
Cadrin credits a long list of contributors, including several from SMAST. Post-doctoral researcher Lisa Kerr co-edited the book and authored several chapters. SMAST graduate students Greg DeCelles, Doug Zemeckis, Dan Goethel, Ben Galuardi, and Peter Chase authored or co-authored chapters, as did SMAST adjunct professors Jon Hare, Jake Kritzer, and Rich McBride.
The volume, published by Elsevier
, will be the textbook for the course MAR622-01: Case Studies in Fisheries Science and Management: Stock Identification Methods
, to be taught by Cadrin next semester.
|Chen receives NERACOOS award
SMAST Prof. Changsheng Chen and WHOI Scientist Emeritus Robert Beardsley were presented with the annual meeting award last week by NERACOOS
, the Northeast Regional Association of Coastal and Ocean Observing Systems.
"From the founding of NERACOOS, Changsheng Chen and Robert Beardsley have led the development and evaluation of numerical models of water properties, currents and waves in the northwest Atlantic," the award text reads. "These models add value to the NERACOOS data products, and extend the reach of the observing system to a wider spectrum of users by providing real time forecasts."
The cited models are based on the Finite Volume Community Ocean Model originated by Chen, and developed and refined in collaboration with Beardsley for over a decade. The Marine Ecosystem Dynamics Modeling Group
at SMAST, led by Chen, is involved in applying the FVCOM model to aquatic systems the world over.
NERACOOS was incorporated in November 2008 to "lead the development, implementation, operation, and evaluation of a sustained, regional coastal ocean observing system for the northeast United States and Canadian Maritime provinces … ." NERACOOS is one of eleven regional associations that constitute the United States Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS
®). [Photo, l to r: Changsheng Chen, Zdenka Willis (Director U.S. IOOS Program Office), Robert Beardsley.
] [Reposted from December 11, 2013.]
|Stokesbury named "Scholar of the Year"
Prof. Kevin Stokesbury has been named UMass Dartmouth Scholar of the Year, the Faculty Federation announced last week. He is Professor and Chair in the SMAST Department of Fisheries Oceanography.
Prof. Stokesbury is well known for the drop-camera system for scallop surveys that he developed with Prof. Brian Rothschild and has deployed ever since in cooperation with the scallop fleet. That system is strongly associated with the recovery of the industry and its successful operation ever since. He is currently involved in developing a non-capture system for surveying groundfish populations.
Prof. Stokesbury's previous awards and honors include the David H. Wallace Award (National Shellfish Association, 2013), Dr. David L. Belding Award for marine resource conservation (2004), and the UMass President's Award for Public Service (2002). He was named "Friend of the Fishing Industry” (Port of New Bedford) in 2008, and in 2013 his research laboratory, the Marine Fisheries Field Research Group, was selected for the Outstanding Organization Award from the Southern New England Chapter of the American Fisheries Society.
His students have won "Best Paper," "Best Presentation," and "Best Use of Technology in a Poster" awards from the National Shellfisheries Association, the International Pectinid Workshop, the ICES Annual Science Conference, and the American Fisheries Society, national and regional level.
He will receive his award at a banquet on December 4.