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BRIAN L. HOWES

Professor, School of Marine Science and Technology
Director, Coastal Systems Program

University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth
Phone: (508) 999-8193
Email: cmast@capecod.net


EDUCATION:

Ph.D., 1984, Boston University Marine Program

M.A., 1980, Boston University Marine Program

---- 1980, Guest Lecturer, Institute of Ecology & Genetics, Univ. Aarhus, Denmark

---- 1974-1975, Special Student, Rutgers College of Arts & Sciences

B.A., 1974, Rutgers College of Arts & Sciences, Rutgers University


POSITIONS HELD:

Current:

Professor, School of Marine Science and Technology, U.Mass. Dartmouth, 2001-

Manager of Coastal Systems Program (for restoration of coastal bays & wetlands), 1997-

Faculty, U.Mass Intercampus Graduate School of Marine Sciences & Technology, 2000-

Adjunct Professor, Dept. Wildlife & Conservation, U.Mass. Amherst, 1997-

Adjunct Professor, Boston University Department of Earth Sciences, 1989-

Adjunct Professor, Boston University Marine Program, 1995-

Past:

Research Assistant, Rutgers Univ. Dept. Entomology & Economic Zoology, 1973-1975

Research Assistant, Rutgers Univ. Mosquito Research, N.J. Agric. Expt. Sta., Summer, 1975

Graduate Research Assistant, Boston University Marine Program, 1976-1983

Postdoctoral Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1984-1985

Visiting Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-1987

Visiting Assistant Research Professor, Ctr. Coastal Environ. Studies, Rutgers Univ., 1987-1988.

Graduate Faculty Associate Member, Rutgers Univ. Ecology Prgm., 1988-1997

Assistant Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-1991

Associate Scientist, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-1997

Hydrologist, U.S.G.S. Water Resources Division on IPA, 1987-98

Guest Investigator, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-2000.

Senior Fellow, Center of Marine Science and Technology, U.Mass. Dartmouth, 1997-2001.


ADVISORY/OUTREACH ACTIVITY:

Committees:

EOEA-UMass, Joint Committee on Marine Science and Technology, 1999--

EOEA-UMass, Joint Committee on Watershed Research and Management, 1999--

Dept of Environmental Protection- Wetlands Restoration Committee & Science Committee, 2000--

U.S. Coast Guard-U.S. EPA, ETV Nat’l Tech. Advisory Panel Ballast Water Treat. Technol., 2001-

New Bedford Oceanarium, Exhibits Committee 2000--

EPA Nutrient Assessment Team-Estuaries 2000 --

Falmouth Pondwatch Program, Director, 1987--

Alternative On-site Wastewater Technology Testing Center, Co-Principal Investigator, 1996--

Board of Directors: Massachusetts Environmental Technology Center, 1998-2001

Barnstable County Scientific Advisory Panel: Mass. Military Res. Plume Containment Prog., Chairman, 1996-2000

Dept. Environ. Protection. Tech. Adv. Comm. Eel River Watershed Plymouth, Chairman 1999-00.

Steering Committee Chatham WaterWatchers, 1998 --

Board of Directors: Coalition for Buzzards Bay, 1997 -- 1999.

Mashpee Watershed Committee, (and Scientific Sub-Committee) 1997--1999

International Danube Delta Research Group, 1991 -- 1995.

WHOI Sea Grant Marine Advisory Council, 1990 -- 1997.

Advisory Committee, Citizens for the Protection of Waquoit Bay, 1988--1991.

Governor's Council on Sea Level Rise, State of New Jersey, 1989-1990.

EPA Marine and Estuarine Analytical Methods Workgroup (Nutrients), 1990.

A.W. Mellon Independent Study Awards Committee, Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., 1994.

Biology Department Salary Review Panel, Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst., 1994.

Woods Hole Oceanogr. Inst.--MIT Joint Program Graduate Admissions Committee, 1995.

SMAST-UMassD. Committees:

SMAST Negotiating Committee and periodic Position Search Committees 1997--

InterCampus Graduate School of Marine Sciences and Technology Admissions Committee 2001--

SMAST Graduate Coordinator 2001--

SMAST Faculty Evaluation Committee 2001-

SMAST Director Review Committee 2003

Technical Advisor on Water Quality and Land-Use Issues:

Town of Falmouth on Coastal Water Quality Issues, (eg. Management of Little Pond, Oyster Pond, West Falmouth Harbor, Green Pond), 1987--

Buzzards Bay Citizens Monitoring Program, EPA, 1991--

Oyster Pond Environmental Trust, Falmouth, 1997--

Westport River Watershed Association, 1998--

Massachusetts Watershed Initiative, EOEA, 1998--

Three Bays Preservation, 1998--

Martha’s Vineyard Coastal Ponds Study 1995--

Wellfleet Harbor Water Quality Study, 1992--1998

Cuttyhunk Coastal Pond Committee, 1993-1996

Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, 1995-1998

USAID, Jamican Water Quality Programs, 1992-99

Carribbean Environmental Health Institute, 1998

Expert Witness:

U.S. Congress, Subcommittee on Science Hearings on Environmental Protocol for Antarctica;

Rivers Act Cases: Weymouth Back River, Westport River

Wetlands Cases, State of Massachusetts

Coastal Issues before DEP and USEPA


TEACHING RESPONSIBILITIES:

Estuarine Dynamics Case Study. MAR-620, School for Marine Science and Technology-UMD, 2003-

Water: Managing a Finite Resource. Community Preservation Institute UMASS/EOEA, 2002 &2003.

Coastal Environmental Management: Science & Policy, Co-Instructor (Carribbean Environmental Health Institute-Antigua, 1999)

Monitoring, Assessment and Nutrient Management of Coastal Ecosystems, Co-Instructor, (USAID-Jamaica, 1995-1998)

Biological Oceanography, Course Lecturer (WHOI/MIT, 1987 - 1994)

Nitrogen Cycling in Coastal Ecosystems, Instructor (Rutgers University, 1988-1989)

Marine Chemistry, Course Lecturer (WHOI/MIT, 1987-1988, 1988-1989)

Oceanography, Course Coordinator and Teaching Fellow (Boston University, Fall 1976)

General Zoology, Teaching Assistant & Coordinator (Boston University, Spring, 1976)


PROFESSIONAL SOCIETIES:

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Skandinavisk Komiti for Undersogelse af Mudder

Sigma Xi

Ecological Society of America

Botanical Society of America

Estuarine Research Federation

 

REVIEWER:

National Science Foundation

U.S. Geological Survey

NOAA - Natl. Est. Res. Prgm.

EPA - Bays Program;

NOAA - Sea Grant

Louisiana Coastal Program

Marine Ecology Progress Series

Estuaries, Editorial Board 1993 - 1996

Limnology and Oceanography

Ecology

Canadian Journal of Botany

Water Resources Research

Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta

J. Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology

 

CURRENT RESEARCH INTERESTS:

- Restoration of estuarine nutrient related habitat quality

- Restoration of salt marshes through tidal enhancement and through Phragmites removal using manipulation of natural biogeochemical cycles

- Groundwater nutrient transport and transformations from uplands to coastal waters;

- relationship between nutrient loading, algal production, oxygen levels and benthic communities in coastal embayments;

- Long-term impact of sea level rise on community structure of wetland ecosystems;

- Interactions between gas and solute exchange and pathways of porewater turnover in intermittently flooded wetlands;

- Biogeochemistry of redox stratified waters: effects on ecosystem functioning


AWARDS AND SCHOLARSHIPS RECEIVED:

2003 Environmental Steward, Westport River Watershed Alliance.

1997 Environmental Achievement Award for Falmouth Pondwatch, National Awards Council for Environmental Sustainability

1996 Environmental Achievement Award for Ecologically Based Environmental Management, National Awards Council for Environmental Sustainability

1996 Environmental Achievement Award for Falmouth Pondwatch, National Awards Council for Environmental Sustainability

1995 Environmental Achievement Award for Nantucket Harbor Project, National Environmental Awards Council for Environmental Sustainability

1995 Environmental Achievement Award for Falmouth Pondwatchers, National Awards Council for Environmental Sustainability

1994 Environmental Success Index -- Renew America Foundation, Falmouth Pondwatch Program.

1993 Environmental Success Index -- Renew America Foundation, Falmouth Pondwatch Program.

1992 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator's Award for Pollution Prevention (Regional Finalist) for Ecologically Based Environmental Management

1991 Environmental Achievement Award, Falmouth Pondwatch, National Environ. Awards Council

1991 A.W. Mellon Independent Study Award

1991 National Academy of Sciences, Young Investigator U.S.-Romanian Program in Ecology, 1991

1986 Visiting Research Scholar, Rutgers University

1983 A.S.L.O. - Travel Award

1980,83 Sigma Xi


GENERAL LECTURES:

MBL: Microbial Diversity Course, 1979-1998

WHOI in the Antarctic Symposium

WHOI Associates Talk (Nutrient Cycling)

WHOI Associates Talk (Antarctica)

Ocean's Alive

Naval Staff College

Massachusetts Maritime Academy

WHOI/CRC Coastal Pond Symposium

Falmouth Pondwatch Annual Review (1988-1998)

Massachusetts Marine Educators

Rutgers Ecology Program

Camden College

Ecology Course, MBL

Microbial Diversity, MBL (1977-1997)

Waquoit Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve

New Jersey Academy of Sciences

Buzzards Bay Rim Project

Univ. Rhode Island, GSO

Univ. Massachusetts, Dartmouth

Univ. Massachusetts, Boston

UMASS/EOEA Community Preservation Institute (2002)

Numerous presentations to NGO’s and citizens groups


CONSULTANT TO (at various times):

Conservation Law Foundation of New England

Hackensack Meadowlands Development Commission

National Audubon Society

National Park Service

Environmental Education Program, YMCA of Greater New York

Towns of Falmouth, Nantucket, Orleans and Wellfleet, Mass.

Bergen County, New Jersey

U.S. AID, Jamaica


Recent Publications

A complete list of the publications of Dr. Brain Howes can be found at the page of publications.

In Rev Hamersley, M.R., B.L. Howes, and D.S. White. Floating plants ineffective in enhancing nitrogen cycling and treatment in a septage-treating wetland. Journal of Environmental Quality.

In Press Hamersley, M.R. and B.L. Howes. Contribution of denitrification to nitrogen, carbon and oxygen cycling in tidal creeek sediments of a New England salt marsh. Marine Ecology Progress Series.

2003 Rengefors, K., K.C. Ruttenberg, C.L. Haupert, C. D. Taylor, B.L. Howes and D.M. Anderson. Experimental investigation of taxon-specific response of alkaline phosphatase activity in natural freshwater phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography 48:1167-1175.

2003 Massachusetts Estuaries Project for Management and Restoration of 89 southeastern Massachusetts Embayments. Quality Assurance Project Plan. Final Report to MA Department of Environmental Protection and USEPA, 650pp. Published by MADEP.

2002 Hamersley, M.R. and B.L. Howes. Control of denitrification in a septage-treating artificial wetland: The dual role of particulate organic carbon. Water Research 36:4415-4427.

2002 Nitrogen modeling to support watershed management: comparison of approaches and sensitivity analysis. Final Report to MA Department of Environmental Protection and USEPA, 94 pp. Published by MADEP.

2001 Hamersley, M.R., B.L. Howes, D.S. White, S. Jonke, D. Young, S.B. Peterson, and J.M. Teal. Nitrogen balance and cycling in an ecologically engineered septage treatment system. Ecological Engineering 18:61-75.

2001 Howes, B.L. and J.S. Ramsey. Water Quality, Hydrodynamics and the Nutrient Related Health of Orleans’ embayments: Year 1 Progress Report. Technical Report to the Orleans Wastewater Planning Committee.

2000 Bazylinski, D.A., D.R. Schlezinger, B.L. Howes and R.B. Frankel. Occurrence and distribution of diverse populations of magnetic protists in a chemically-stratified coastal salt pond. Chemical Geology . 169:319-328.

2000 McKnight, D.M., B.L. Howes, C.D. Taylor, D.D. Goehringer. Phytoplankton dynamics in a stablely stratified Antarctic lake during winter darkness. Journal of Phycology 36:852-861.

2000 Higgins, J., G. Heufelder, S. Foss, B. Howes. Removal of MS2 Coliphage Virus by Standard Septic Tank-Leach Trench Septic Systems. NEWEA Journal . In Press.

2000 Schlezinger, D.R. and B.L. Howes. Organic phosphorus and elemental ratios as indicators of prehistoric human occupation. Journal of Archaeological Science , 27:479-492.

2000 Howes, B.L., G. Mercer, and D.D. Goehringer. Evaluation of Nutrient Inputs and the Health of the Eel River System, Plymouth MA, in Support of a Nutrient Management Plan. Technical Report to Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. 90pp.

2000 Howes, B.L. and G.R. Hampson. Water Quality and Habitat Health of the Three Bays Estuarine System. Three Bays Preservation, Inc. 34 pp.

2000 Howes, B.L. Nitrogen Transformations Controlled by Aquarium Filter Designs: A Comparison of 4 Technologies. 30pp.

2000 Howes, B.L. with Jacobs Engineering Ashumet Pond Trophic Health Technical Memorandum. AFCEE/MMR Installation Restoration Program, AFC-J23-35S18402-M17-0005, 210pp.

1999 Howes, B.L. Nutrient management of the Popponesset Bay System: Quantitative Assessment of the nitrogen loading tolerances of component sub-embayments. Progresss Report to the Town of Mashpee. 14p.

1999 Howes, B.L. and F. Li. Evaluation of nitrogen loading to Great, Green and Bournes Ponds, Falmouth MA to support embayment restoration. Technical Report to the Town of Falmouth Nitrogen Offset Program and Horsely & Witten, Inc., 43pp.

1998 DeSimone, L.A. and B.L. Howes. Nitrogen transport and transformations in a shallow aquifer receiving wastewater discharge: a mass-balance approach. Water Resources Research 34:271-285.

1998 Hood, E.M., B.L. Howes and W.J. Jenkins. Dissolved gas dynamics in perennially ice-covered Lake Fryxell, Antarctica. Limnology and Oceanography , 43:265-272.

1998 Howes, B.L. Sediment metabolism within Massachusetts Bay and Boston Harbor: relating to system stability and sediment-watercolumn exchanges of nutrients and oxygen in 1996. Mass. Water Resources Authority Environmental Quality Report pp.85.

1997 Howes, B.L. Sediment metabolism within Massachusetts Bay and Boston Harbor: relating to sediment water column exchanges of nutrients and oxygen in 1995. Mass. Water Resources Authority Technical Report 70 pp.

1997 Howes, B.L. The Great Sippewissett Salt Marsh: its unique value to conservation and research. Salt Pond Sanctuaries Annual Report, pp. 6-7.

1997 Howes, B.L. Benthic Flux Survey Reports for MWRA Harbor and Outfall Monitoring Program. Vol. 1-5, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority Technical Reports, Boston MA.

1997 Howes, B.L., D.D. Goehringer, N.P. Millham, D.R. Schlezinger, G.R. Hampson, C.D. Taylor and D.G. Aubrey. Nantucket Harbor Study: A quantitative assessment of the environmental health of Nantucket Harbor for the development of a nutrient management plan. Technical Report to the Town of Nantucket, pp. 110.

1997 Howes, B.L. and D.R. Schlezinger. Nutrient Related Water Quality within the Popponesset Bay System. Final Report to the Town of Mashpee, pp. 29.

1996 Howes, B.L., P.K. Weiskel, D.D. Goehringer and J.M. Teal. Interception of freshwater and nitrogen transport from uplands to coastal waters: the role of saltmarshes. pp. 287-310, In: "Estuarine Shores: Hydrological, Geomorphological and Ecological Interactions (K. Nordstrom and C. Roman, Eds.). Wiley Interscience, Sussex, England.

1996 Howes, B.L. and S.R. Hart. Oyster Pond - Three Decades of Change. pp. 79-106, In: K.O. Emery, A Coastal Pond: Studied by Oceanographic Methods. OPET, Inc.

1996 Howes, B.L. and D.D. Goehringer. The Ecology of Buzzards Bay: An Estuarine Profile. National Biological Service Biological Report 31, pp. 141.

1996 Howes, B.L. and D.D. Goehringer. Water quality monitoring of Falmouth's coastal ponds: results from the 1994 and 1995 seasons. Technical Report for the Town of Falmouth.

1996 Howes, B.L. Benthic Flux Survey Reports for MWRA Harbor and Outfall Monitoring Program. Vol. 1-5, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority Technical Reports, Boston MA.

1996 Howes, B.L. Ecological management for Oyster Pond, Falmouth, Mass. Technical Report for Aubrey Consulting Inc. and the Town of Falmouth.

1995 Howes, B.L. and J.M. Teal. Nitrogen balance in a Massachusetts cranberry bog and its relation to coastal eutrophication. Environmental Science and Technology 29:960-974.

1995 Howes, B.L., N.P. Millham and D.D. Goehringer. Assessment of the Ecological Health of West End and Little Ponds, Cuttyhunk Island: II. Field Studies to Evaluate Remediation Efforts. Technical Report to the Cuttyhunk Ponds Committee.

1995 Howes, B.L., N.P. Millham and D.S. White. Ecological and hydrodynamic analysis of Lower Green Pond: relative to bridge construction. Technical Report for the State of Massachusetts DEP.

1995 Howes, B.L. Benthic Flux Survey Reports for MWRA Harbor and Outfall Monitoring Program. Vol. 1-5, Massachusetts Water Resources Authority Technical Reports, Boston MA.

1994 Howes, B.L. and J.M. Teal. Oxygen loss from Spartina alterniflora and its relation to salt marsh oxygen balance. Oecologia. 97: 431-438.

1994 Howes, B.L. and D.D. Goehringer. Porewater drainage and dissolved organic carbon and nutrient losses through the intertidal creekbanks of a New England salt marsh. Marine Ecology Progress Series 114: 289-301.

1994 Howes, B.L. and D.D. Goehringer. Water quality monitoring of Falmouth's coastal ponds: results from the 1993 season. Technical Report for the WHOI Sea Grant Program and the Town of Falmouth, Mass. 72 pp.